The 2021 Henley Passport Index

The Henley Passport Index is the original and most authoritative ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa. The index includes 199 passports and 227 travel destinations, giving users the most extensive and reliable information about their global access and mobility.

With historical data spanning 16 years and regularly-updated expert analysis on the latest shifts in passport power, the index is an invaluable resource for global citizens and the standard reference tool for government policy in this field.

Robust, reliable, and accurate

The ranking is based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains the world’s largest and most accurate database of travel information, and is enhanced by the Henley & Partners Research Department.

The index’s scoring system was developed to give users a nuanced, practical, and reliable overview of their passport’s power. Each passport is scored on the total number of destinations that the holder can access visa-free. For each travel destination, if no visa is required, then a score of 1 is allocated for that passport. This also applies if passport holders can obtain a visa on arrival, a visitor’s permit, or an electronic travel authority (ETA) upon entry.

Where a visa is required, or where a passport holder must apply for a government-approved electronic visa (e-Visa) before departure, a score of 0 is assigned. The same applies if they need pre-departure approval for a visa on arrival.

Rank
Passport
Visa-free score
1
Japan
191
2
Singapore
190
3
Germany
189
3
South Korea
189
4
Finland
188
4
Italy
188
4
Luxembourg
188
4
Spain
188
5
Austria
187
5
Denmark
187
6
France
186
6
Ireland
186
6
Netherlands
186
6
Portugal
186
6
Sweden
186
7
Belgium
185
7
New Zealand
185
7
Norway
185
7
Switzerland
185
7
United Kingdom
185
7
United States
185
8
Australia
184
8
Czech Republic
184
8
Greece
184
8
Malta
184
9
Canada
183
10
Hungary
182
11
Iceland
181
11
Lithuania
181
11
Poland
181
11
Slovakia
181
12
Latvia
180
12
Slovenia
180
13
Estonia
179
14
Liechtenstein
178
14
Malaysia
178
15
Chile
174
15
Cyprus
174
15
Monaco
174
16
United Arab Emirates
173
17
Romania
172
18
Bulgaria
171
18
Croatia
171
19
Argentina
170
19
Brazil
170
19
Hong Kong (SAR China)
170
20
San Marino
168
21
Andorra
167
22
Brunei
166
23
Barbados
161
23
Israel
161
24
Mexico
159
25
St. Kitts and Nevis
156
26
Bahamas
155
27
Uruguay
153
27
Vatican City
153
28
Antigua and Barbuda
151
28
Seychelles
151
29
Costa Rica
150
29
Trinidad and Tobago
150
30
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
148
31
Mauritius
146
31
St. Lucia
146
32
Taiwan (Chinese Taipei)
145
33
Grenada
144
33
Macao (SAR China)
144
34
Dominica
143
35
Panama
142
36
Paraguay
141
37
Peru
135
38
El Salvador
134
38
Honduras
134
38
Serbia
134
39
Guatemala
133
40
Samoa
131
40
Solomon Islands
131
41
Ukraine
130
41
Vanuatu
130
42
Colombia
129
42
Nicaragua
129
42
Venezuela
129
43
Tuvalu
127
44
Tonga
125
45
Montenegro
124
45
North Macedonia
124
46
Kiribati
123
46
Marshall Islands
123
47
Moldova
120
47
Palau Islands
120
48
Micronesia
118
49
Bosnia and Herzegovina
117
50
Russian Federation
116
51
Georgia
115
52
Albania
114
53
Turkey
110
54
Belize
101
54
South Africa
101
55
Kuwait
96
56
Qatar
95
57
Timor-Leste
94
58
Ecuador
92
59
Nauru
89
60
Fiji
88
60
Guyana
88
61
Jamaica
86
62
Botswana
85
62
Maldives
85
63
Papua New Guinea
84
64
Bahrain
83
65
Oman
80
66
Saudi Arabia
79
66
Thailand
79
67
Bolivia
78
67
Suriname
78
68
Namibia
77
69
Lesotho
76
70
Belarus
75
70
China
75
70
Kazakhstan
75
71
eSwatini
74
72
Malawi
73
73
Kenya
72
74
Indonesia
71
74
Tanzania
71
74
Tunisia
71
74
Zambia
71
75
Gambia
68
76
Azerbaijan
67
76
Uganda
67
77
Cape Verde Islands
66
77
Dominican Republic
66
77
Philippines
66
78
Ghana
65
78
Zimbabwe
65
79
Cuba
64
79
Morocco
64
80
Armenia
63
80
Kyrgyzstan
63
80
Sierra Leone
63
81
Benin
62
81
Mongolia
62
81
Mozambique
62
82
Sao Tome and Principe
61
83
Rwanda
60
84
Burkina Faso
59
84
Mauritania
59
85
India
58
85
Tajikistan
58
86
Cote d'Ivoire
57
86
Gabon
57
86
Uzbekistan
57
87
Senegal
56
88
Equatorial Guinea
55
88
Guinea
55
88
Madagascar
55
88
Togo
55
89
Cambodia
54
89
Mali
54
89
Niger
54
89
Vietnam
54
90
Bhutan
53
90
Chad
53
90
Comores Islands
53
90
Guinea-Bissau
53
90
Turkmenistan
53
91
Central African Republic
52
92
Algeria
51
92
Jordan
51
93
Angola
50
93
Burundi
50
93
Egypt
50
93
Laos
50
94
Cameroon
49
94
Haiti
49
94
Liberia
49
95
Congo (Rep.)
48
96
Djibouti
47
96
Myanmar
47
97
Nigeria
46
98
Ethiopia
44
99
South Sudan
43
100
Congo (Dem. Rep.)
42
100
Eritrea
42
100
Sri Lanka
42
101
Bangladesh
41
101
Iran
41
102
Kosovo
40
102
Lebanon
40
102
Sudan
40
103
North Korea
39
104
Libya
38
104
Nepal
38
105
Palestinian Territory
37
106
Somalia
33
106
Yemen
33
107
Pakistan
32
108
Syria
29
109
Iraq
28
110
Afghanistan
26